No second scaffold level?
I am having trouble establishing a second layer of scaffolds. These pictures are of dwarf apple whips planted in 2011. As a reference, the posts are 6 feet tall (trees about 10 feet). Scaffolds are rare above the lowest layer (except in the first pic of Redfree).
Are bark cuts needed to induce branching? How many cuts per tree? Please offer training/pruning suggestions. Thanks.