pruning European (nigra) elderberry
I planted a number of elderberry plants last year - primarily samdal and sampo. They are now about 10-12 high and about 8 feet wide. Many of the long canes are drooping and a good number of them are almost horizontal to the ground instead of vertical as I would expect them to be. I read that most of the fruit forms on second year growth so I want to be careful about pruning. On the other hand I want to keep the plants somewhat under control. Does anyone have some guidelines I could follow for these elderberries?