Distinguishing Floricanes from Primocanes?
In spring 2012 (somewhat late in the season, however) we had a reputable but busy third party prepare and install beds of raspberries and blackberries next to our existing vegetable beds, but the varieties are not labelled, for the most part. The learning curve has been in fits and starts, as have some attempts at pruning (with pruning book in one hand, Felco's in the other, but not necessarily at the right time). Now I realize I may have prevented development of lateral canes by not pruning the primocanes earlier.
Ã¯Â¿Â½our one row of upright thornless blackberries, which is clearly identified, has extremely tall, out of control canes-- that I take to be this summer's primocanes that I never topped off in the summer. Is it safe to cut them off at 48" or will I be damaging next year's yield if I do? And how do I clearly identify this year's spent floricanes by appearance? I think there were some extremely woody/loose ones that I removed in September, assuming these were the spent floricanes, but wasn't sure if all would have this distinct appearance.
Ã¯Â¿Â½To prune our two or three *thorny* blackberry plants (which had absolutely huge berries, some of which did ripen before our first frost)Ã¯Â¿Â½shall I just prune the canes that held those late berries, or is there another way of identifying the right canes.
Ã¯Â¿Â½Raspberries. I found at least one labelled-Carolina? I tried to thin them out in October; some still had berries. Now that they are finished, is there a way to identify which canes should be pruned? We have one row that has a a stretch of of everbearing and a stretch of regular (to be honest, can't recall which is which). Is there a way to tell which is which, and how should I prune them now, if at all?
Ã¯Â¿Â½Black raspberries. We were told our raspberry row included one or two plants, but I have never seen them fruiting if so (and I can tell the difference in the berry at least); is there a way to tell the difference on the basis of the cane or growth habit alone?
Ã¯Â¿Â½One more question: it's november, but should I be mulching or adding organic fertilizer to the bramble fruit rows at this late date? There is a drip line to all the brambles, which we were told we could leave in the ground (it was also installed in our vegetable beds at the same time, and we did leave it in last year, with no problem).
thanks in advance,
An old but new member/lurker here on garden web-first post for years (I had to re-register because my current email was listed).