Harvest second year burdock ?

namfonJune 11, 2009

Can second year Burdock still be eaten if pealed or should I just let it flower and collect the seed ?

Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo
Violet_Z6(6a)

Basically, it might technically be "edible" but you might not enjoy it and there is does not hold the same nutritional value as it does the first year.

"...Most field guides focus on the flowers and will not show you the first-year plantÂs striking leaves, which can be as long as your arm and half that width, with wavy edges and whitish fur on the underside. The first-year leaves are known as "basal" leaves, since they form a "base" of leaves, growing straight out of the ground, not on branching stems. Yet this rosette of basal leaves is the form you would seek if you wanted to dig a burdock root for eating. An understanding of the biennial life cycle will show you why.

The second-year biennial, with all its energy invested in producing flowers and seed, its last act before death, has no nutrients left in its root. If you dug the root of a burdock that was flowering or going to seed, you would find a tough, fibrous, inedible substance. The sweetish, white-fleshed root of a first-year burdock is what you are looking for. However, even in the first year, there are better times than others to harvest.

In the first summer of its life, as the young plant is growing, the minerals and water gleaned from the soil by the roots are being sent up to the leaves so they can put on bulk and manufacture more glucose through photosynthesis. Glucose is heading down to the roots to combine with some of the minerals and increase the size of the root. The regular exchange of nutrients makes for a decent-tasting root. But after a good hard frost, the leaves begin to die back, and any nutrients produced or taken in by the plant are stored in the root. Fall is the time when the roots are sweetest and packed with the most vitamins and minerals."

http://plant-species.suite101.com/article.cfm/wild_edibles_and_life_cycle

"Grow and Harvest Burdock
Native to Europe and Asia, burdock now grows like a weed in temperate areas of the United States. Look for its distinctive spiny, burr-like heads. Burdock is a biennial plant  the best time to harvest the root is during the fall of the first year, when the plant has large leaves that are green on top and grayish underneath, or during the spring of the second year. During burdockÂs second year, the plant has purple flowers from summer to early fall."

http://www.herbcompanion.com/herb-profiles/Burdock-Does-It-All.aspx

    Bookmark   June 20, 2009 at 2:37PM
Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo
namfon

Thank you Violet

    Bookmark   July 7, 2009 at 4:05PM
Sign Up to comment
More Discussions
Don't buy bitter melon seeds
At my first attempt to germinate bitter melon from...
janoyan
Tsau Ping Lak, Atalantia buxifolia
If you Google the Atalantia buxifolia (formerly Severinia...
zorba_the_greek
care for curry leaf plant
I have this curry leaf plant ( also called curry patha)....
crystalgeorgia
Growing Wasabi Indoors
I have some wasabi plants coming in in the next week...
Edymnion
Absolutely new to Gardening: Edamame + Barley
I have absolutely no idea what I'm doing when it comes...
niveus
Sponsored Products
Innovative Design Harvester Water Pipe Table Lamp
ParrotUncle
Floral Herb Wreath
$109.50 | FRONTGATE
Curved Back Shaker Chair in Black Vinyl
$189.99 | Dot & Bo
Domo Pendant by LZF
$1,740.00 | Lumens
Harvest Area Rug II
Home Decorators Collection
Copeland Furniture | Berkeley Nightstand
YLiving.com
Hanno the Gorilla - David Weeks
$100.00 | HORNE
Stickbulb | 3 Foot Horizontal Wall Sconce
$995.00 | YLighting
© 2015 Houzz Inc. Houzz® The new way to design your home™