When to harvest Haas Avocados?

gregaviApril 7, 2012

I have a 6 YO Haas dwarf tree that has been producing for a couple years. I live in So. Cal. My tree has 25 or 30 3-1/2" X 2-1/2" avos. I never know when to start picking. What should I look for?

Thanks in advance.

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eloise_ca

gregavi, Don't know how you intent on using your avocados, but if you just want a couple every now and then, just cut a few and let them ripen in the house. Sometimes I've cut a couple that are small, but they ripen just fine. Better I get them then the squirrels or people visiting the tree at night.

    Bookmark   April 7, 2012 at 2:26PM
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gregavi

Yeah, I have done it that way but I really wanted to know what the optimum time to harvest was. Is it a time of year or more a look they get? I had a friend tell me when they start to turn black is the best time to pick. ???
Thanks

    Bookmark   April 7, 2012 at 4:05PM
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lgteacher(SCal)

Hass are black when ready to pick. Then they need to sit around for a few days to ripen. This is generally the right time of year to pick. You don't have to pick them all at once.

Here is a link that might be useful: Avocado information

    Bookmark   April 7, 2012 at 4:22PM
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hosenemesis(SoCal Sunset 19 USDA 8b)

My Hass are not black when they are ready to pick. They never turn black on the tree. Mine are green and hard. I have been harvesting for about three weeks, and right now they are at their peak of perfection.

Take a look at the green fruit. If it has a glaucus coating at the top of the fruit (sort of a whitish film you can rub off) it is ready to harvest. I harvest from mid-March to June. I can still eat them into August, but by then they are starting to get yellow flesh inside and they are beginning to turn rancid.

Renee

    Bookmark   April 7, 2012 at 11:37PM
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chezron

Avocados do not ripen on the tree. They must be picked to initiate ripening.

    Bookmark   April 7, 2012 at 11:46PM
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gregavi

Thanks for all the replies.

I don't believe anyone here thinks they ripen on the tree.

I have done quite a bit of research on this subject since I posted this question here and have found a lot of different answers. There doesn't seem to be a consensus on what the best time to harvest is.
I have never seen this whitish substance around my avos as hosenemesis suggests, but I have not really gotten a substantial crop until this year, so maybe mine have not reached that point yet. I do remember the one or two my tree produced last year did start to turn black. I guess the best way to determine the best harvest time is through trial and error. I just picked one yesterday and I will continue to do so once a week and observe and report back here.

Another question. I picked the fruit by using pruning shears and took about 3 inches of stem with it. Should the stem and/or nub be removed while ripening?
Thanks again to all.

    Bookmark   April 8, 2012 at 12:48PM
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yukkuri_kame(Sunset 19 / USDA 9)

The nub should be left on - don't think 3 inches of stem is necessary, but that's about the way they come off the tree when I use the fruit picker to pick the higher fruit.

I am up in the foothills on the north side of L.A. (verdugo mountain). At Christmas the fruit is too early, but edible. By end of January this year, the avos were tasty enough - but not full flavor and a little smallish. By beginning of March they were very flavorful and getting bigger.

Still lots of fruit on the tree and I am more interested in a slow, steady harvest than of getting fruits at the absolute max ripeness. Currently picking about 4 avos per week. They should last until at least June, but we'll see.

I am looking to add other varieties to my Haas to extend the harvest season.

Reed and Sharwill at the top of my list. Anybody got one they'd be willing to let me graft from?

    Bookmark   April 8, 2012 at 3:15PM
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hosenemesis(SoCal Sunset 19 USDA 8b)

I tried to photograph the glaucus coating for you, gregavi, but it didn't really show up in the photo. If you rub the top of an avocado near the stem and it looks really shiny where you have rubbed it in contrast to the rest of the avocado, they are ready.
Renee

    Bookmark   April 10, 2012 at 9:35PM
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CleanNsober

I live about 5 mins from T.J. mexico in chula vista ca. right by intersate 5 south on the bay side ,I have a large Hass Tree about 28 year old it was just a twig when I put it in the ground back in the day lol :-),I pick Avocados from Mar. to Dec.,its Nov.25th and 75 degrees out its great to live here in San Diego ,I had to cut my Tree back this year( Nov.01) a lot going to put up a new fence to keep out Avocado stealer lol lol lol ,I wonder where they were when I dug the hole??? but now they are like flys, GO AWAY!!!!,I have trim the tree from time to time but never like it is now my wife call me a butcher,but you got to do what you got to do ,So I'am hoping I didn't hurt the tree in anyway I guess will fine out this spring ,I pick most of them off the tree got a full trash can full gave to all my family ,friends some neighbors,my Q: is did I hurt the tree ??? am I a butcher like my wife said ??? or am I OK with the tree :-)

    Bookmark   November 25, 2012 at 12:51PM
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hoovb zone 9 sunset 23

Hey Clean, the commercial growers whack their Avocado trees hard to keep them short enough to harvest. Don't worry, it will grow again (and grow, and grow...). Best though to leave enough on the tree to keep the roots shaded. Even when the tree is quite mature, it still likes shaded roots. The commercial growers basically cut everything off above a certain height.

    Bookmark   November 25, 2012 at 3:26PM
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