fall vegetable garden in the Piedmont
I am planning my first-ever fall vegetable garden, and I could really use some knowledgeable advice on what grows best here (I'm in Durham) and when to plant it.
I'm thinking about cabbage, broccoli, beets, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, onions, kale, spinach, leeks, swiss chard?, carrots, garlic?, and fennel. Any suggestions on what grows well, what doesn't, varieties I should look for or avoid? Advice on the brussels is especially welcome, as they are my very favorite winter veg. (I bought some red rubine seeds in England last month, but I'd also like to grow some plain brussels.)
In terms of planting times, I have a copy of the extension service's fall planting guide, but I'm a little wary. For example, they recommend planting broccoli between July 15 and August 15, but I can't imagine little seedlings actually surviving the August heat. (I assume they're talking about sowing, not transplanting seedlings, but it's not clear.) I usually start all my veg from seed, but maybe I should start them in containers in a more protected place and then move them out later in September?
I've also heard that bugs can be more of a problem in the fall, so is there anything (organic) I can do to head them off ahead of time?