How to prune a young citrus tree

mollie-dSeptember 3, 2007

Can someone tell me how to prune a young citrus tree?? I have a 5 ft tall multigrafted citgrus tree.(Grapefruit,Meyer lemon, persian lime, 2 types of oranges. Question is how to detect suckers to prune. Some are on the trunk which I know to cut off. But some sucker type growth is on the ends and along the branches esp the grapefruit and naval orange branches. There may be as many as 8 growths come out a foot long each in a couple of days at the end of each branch. They are very soft, flat shaped and grow very quickly. Should all these be cutt off or some of them or leave them alone???? Thanks for answers!!

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malcolm_manners

Remove anything that arises from below the grafts (are they all visible? You should be able to see where each variety was grafted into the tree). But beyond the grafts, the only reason to remove growth is for size control, or in the case of a multi-variety tree, to keep the more vigorous types (e.g., grapefruit) from overwhelming the less vigorous types. Unless that's happening, citrus has no real need for pruning; they tend to make a well-shaped tree on their own.

    Bookmark   September 7, 2007 at 7:44AM
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mollie-d

Yes, the graft lines are visible and you are exactly right, the grapefruit is trying to take it over. So I pruned back the grapefruit and some of the lemon today even though there is some fruit(4 grapefruit and 6 lemons) on them(in Florida). Hope I didnt prune them too early. Can u prune any of the grafts at any time?? Thanks for the info.

    Bookmark   September 7, 2007 at 9:59PM
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jackpines

Malcom-
What about the soft, flat and very rapidly growing water sprouts above the graft. Should they be removed? I have removed then as they grow very large with huge leaves.Can they produce fruit?

    Bookmark   September 8, 2007 at 12:25PM
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malcolm_manners

Any growth above the graft can produce fruit. Citrus doesn't produce water sprouts in the same sense that an apple or pear might. On the other hand, if you're trying to maintain the tree small, for a container indoors, you may want to remove the unusually vigorous branches. Outdoors, in open soil, those are desirable, since they make a bigger tree quicker.

    Bookmark   September 10, 2007 at 9:22PM
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socalrick

I have the same concern as the original poster. The abnormal sprouts on my young navel orange (Lane Late Navel, about 3.5 feet tall) have THORNS on them.
The abnormal sprouts are not from the trunk or below the graft but are from other "normal" branches. They grow very fast, have wider spacing between leaves, and the stem has a distinctly flattened cross section (and they have thorns).
What causes these abnormal sprouts? Can I prevent them? Should I remove them (I don't like the thorns and I wonder about eventual fruit quality)?

    Bookmark   October 13, 2007 at 11:55AM
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gcmastiffs(z10 Florida)

They are normal and will eventually fruit. They are an attempt at fast growth, so are soft and flattened. They do turn into normal branches. I'm thrilled to see them after my trees were made into stumps after hurricanes! The trees are regrowing/reshaping themselves beautifully.

Lisa

    Bookmark   October 13, 2007 at 9:30PM
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melle_sacto(Z9/Sunset 14 CA)

I noticed this fast growth on my Meyer lemon and Cara Cara orange trees this year. The branches looked so weird to me, especially since I don't think they've done this in the past, but I left most of the growth intact. Glad to know it's normal.

    Bookmark   July 13, 2008 at 1:20AM
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