Osmanthus Fragrans Papers

ocelaris(7a)January 22, 2014

Just doing some research on Osmanthus Fragrans and wanted to share... I've read just about every osmanthus thread on gardenweb, so thought I'd start doing my own research. Hope people find this useful... My main goal was to find out any varieties which were a bit more cold hardy, and varieties in the Auranticus "DanGui" group may be the most cold hardy... Anyways, I've been collecting these links for later reference and thought I'd share.

Gui Hua is Mandarin for O. Fragrans, Kwai Hua is Cantonese for Gui Hua.

Daxin's explanation of Osmanthus:

"Guihua in Guilin can be divided into four sorts: Jingui (Osmamthus fragrans var. thunbergii), Yingui (Osmanthus fragrans var. latifolius), Dangui (Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus) and Sijigui (Osmanthus fragrans var. semperflorens). "

Luteus, Albus, Aurantiacus, and Asiaticus group

A study on cold Resistance of Osmanthus Fragrans

"The northward distribution of O. fragrans may be
limited primarily by low spring temperatures rather
than low winter temperatures. O. fragrans Sijigui and
Huangchuan Jingui are the most cold resistant O.
fragrans cultivars in Kaifeng."

Identifying Osmanthus Fragrants Cultivars in Guilin City

Break down of cultivars into their respective groups

Older Paper on Identifying Osmanthus Cultivars

Some pay to view papers I did not buy but it's encouraging that research is being done!
Osmathus PHD Dissertation on Cold hardiness $30
Another Dissertation on Osmanthus in the cold $30

Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo
Robert (zone 7a, Oklahoma)

Thanks so much for sharing this with us!

I bought Osmanthus x fortunei (a hybrid of O. fragrans and O. heterophyllus) in December.
I'm hoping it will bloom for me this fall.
It's supposed to have a more gardenia like scent but is more cold hardy than O. fragrans.

Of course I've been enjoying the scent of my ‘Fudingzhu’ but I know it's not cold hardy so I welcome any varieties that are! :)


This post was edited by robert1971 on Thu, Jan 23, 14 at 10:35

    Bookmark   January 23, 2014 at 10:34AM
Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo

No problem, do you know if your x Fortunei is either Fruitlandii or San Jose etc... ? I'm just wondering how x Fortunei compares to Fragrans, and how the x Fortunei varieties compare to each other... It seems that x Fortunei would benefit for some more back crossing, Or recreating that cross with a Four seasons Fragrans variety.

Oregon state pictures of varieties

Here's my collection of where they're for sale currently:

Nurseries Caroliniana (Lots)

Camellia Forest Osmanthus offerings (Lots)

Cistus's Osmanthus Offerings (quite a few)

Forest Farm (quite a few)

Lazy S's Osmanthus offerings (a couple)

Logee's (one or two)

    Bookmark   January 23, 2014 at 2:36PM
Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo
Robert (zone 7a, Oklahoma)

I don't know. I wondered which variety I have when I did some research online.
I got mine on eBay from New Life Nursery & Garden.
It just states Osmanthus x fortunei.
They also carry some red and orange osmanthus varieties.


Here is a link that might be useful: Fortune's Osmanthus on eBay

    Bookmark   January 23, 2014 at 3:00PM
Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo
    Bookmark   July 15, 2014 at 10:07PM
Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo

More Contributions, there are 4 groups, and here is a big list that I've compiled of various cultivars and which group they fall into. Basically Semperflorens (sijigui) are the variety that flower all the time, where as all others flower in the fall. besides color of the flower there are other differences which I am still deciphering. I know this list is daunting, but basically if you're looking to purchase a cultivar and you are not sure what characteristics or qualities it has, this will help for us non chinese speakers!

Group Code Cultivar Origin

Luteus (Thunbergii) "JinGui"
HT1 Zaojingui-1 Hubei
HT2 Zijingui Hubei
HT3 Yuanban Jingui-1 Hubei
HT4 Huangchuan Jingui Hubei
HT5 Jinhuataige Hubei
HT6 Qiugui-1 Hubei
ZT1 Qiugui-2 Zhejiang
ZT2 Jinqiugui‘Jinqiu’ Zhejiang
ZT3 Wandian Jin Zhejiang
ZT4 Congzhong Xiao Zhejiang
GT1 Juye Zijingui Guangxi
GT2 Yuanye Zijingui Guangxi
GT3 Taoye Jingui Guangxi
GT4 Zaojingui-2 Guangxi
GT5 Yuanban Jingui-2 Guangxi
GT6 Hanxiao Guangxi
GT7 Yuanye Jingui Guangxi
GT8 Heishan Jingui Guangxi
GT9 Heishanzhizhu Guangxi
HT7 Zuiyun Hubei
43 Zie Guilin, Guangxi
44 Xiaoye Yingui Guilin, Guangxi
45 Susheng Jingui Chengdu, Sichuan
46 Daye Zijingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
47 Qiugui Xianning, Huibei
48 Jinhuataige Xianning, Huibei
49 Zaozihuang Hangzhou, Zhejiang
50 Jinshigui Nanjing, Jiangsu
51 Moye Jingui Guilin, Guangxi
52 Jinqiugui Nanjing, Jiangsu
53 Chenghuan Jingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
54 Zaojingui Xianning, Hubei
55 Heishan Jingui Guilin, Guangxi
56 Dahua Jingui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
57 Yuanban Jingui Guilin, Guangxi
58 Huangchuan Jingui Xianning, Hubei
59 Taoyehuang Hangzhou, Zhejiang
60 Chuizhihuang Hangzhou, Zhejiang
61 Hangzhouhuang Hangzhou, Zhejiang
62 Lianye Jingui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
63 Wanjingui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
64 Wanxin Nanjing, Jiangsu
65 Ziyun Guilin, Guangxi
66 Baozhu Guilin, Guangxi
67 Zhuguan Zijingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
68 Liuyesugui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
69 Duoya Jingui Shanghai
70 Dayehuang Nanjing, Jiangsu
71 Yuhuahuang Nanjing, Jiangsu
72 Boye Jingui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
73 Wandianjin Hangzhou, Zhejiang
Albus (Latifolius) Yingui
HL1 Zigeng Zigui Hubei
HL2 Changgengbai Hubei
HL3 Yinxing Hubei
HL4 Jiangnan Liren Hubei
ZL1 Wanyingui Zhejiang
ZL2 Yulinglong Zhejiang
GL1 Yuanye Ziyingui Guangxi
GL2 Chiye Ziyingui Guangxi
GL3 Qinyun Guangxi
GL4 Yaotiaoshunv Guangxi
GL5 Cuizhu Guangxi
GL6 Ruichi Yingui Guangxi
GL7 Ziyun Guangxi
14 Boye Yingui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
15 Mihua Ziyingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
16 Yinxing Xianning, Hubei
17 Changgengbai Xianning, Hubei
18 Jiangnanliren Xianning, Hubei
19 Dahua Zaoyingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
20 Zigeng Ziyingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
21 Yulinglong Nanjing, Jiangsu
22 Xiaye Wanyingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
23 Zaoyingui Shanghai
24 Liuyegui Shanghai
25 Baijie Shanghai
26 Jiulonggui Shanghai
27 Wanyingui Shanghai
28 Yulianyinsi Hangzhou, Zhejiang
29 Changyebizhu Hangzhou, Zhejiang
30 Daye Yinggui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
31 Juanban Ziyingui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
32 Duoban Ziyingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
33 Ziyingui Shanghai
34 Yangmeiye Yingui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
35 Ehuang Hangzhou, Zhejiang
36 Xiangyun Hangzhou, Zhejiang
37 Kuoye Zaoyingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
38 Chuanyinqiu Nanjing, Jiangsu
39 Xizi Yingui Nanjing, Jiangsu
40 Zaohuang Shanghai
41 Mantianxing Nanjing, Jiangsu
42 Xiaojiabiyu Guilin, Guangxi

Aurantiacus DanGui
HA1 Chiye Dangui Hubei
HA2 Gecheng Dangui Hubei
HA2 Dangui Hubei
HA2 Mantiaohong Hubei
HA2 Zhuangyuanhong Zhejiang
HA2 Yingye Dangui Zhejiang
HA2 Hongyan Ningxiang Zhejiang
HA2 Zuijihong Zhejiang
74 Congzhongxiao Hangzhou, Zhejiang
75 Zuiyun Xianning, Hubei
76 Mantiaohong Hangzhou, Zhejiang
77 Gecheng Dangui Xianning, Hubei
78 Chiye Dangui Xianning, Hubei
79 Zaohong Chengdu, Sichuan
80 Honghai Chengdu, Sichuan
81 Xionghuanggui Nanjing, Jiangsu
82 Yingye Dangui Shanghai
83 Shanghai Dangui Shanghai
84 Jiaorong Hangzhou, Zhejiang
85 Xiaoyan Hangzhou, Zhejiang
86 Zuijihong Guilin, Guangxi
87 Suzhouhong Nanjing, Jiangsu
88 Zhusha Dangui Shanghai
89 Suzhouqiancheng Nanjing, Jiangsu
90 Yuhuahong Nanjing, Jiangsu
91 Danhongcuizhou Nanjing, Jiangsu
92 Taoye Dangui Nanjing, Jiangsu
93 Hangzhou Dangui Nanjing, Jiangsu
94 Pucheng Dangui Nanjing, Jiangsu
95 Zhuangyuanhong Hangzhou, Zhejiang
96 Hongyanningxiang Hangzhou, Zhejiang
97 Xiaoye Dangui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
98 Chenghong Dangui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
99 Zidangui Hangzhou, Zhejiang
100 Yunnan Dangui Kunming, Yunnan

Asiaticus (semperflorens) sijigui
HF1 Sijigui-1 Hubei
ZF1 Sijigui-2 Zhejiang
ZF2 Tianxiang Taige Zhejiang
ZF3 Danzhuang Zhejiang
ZF4 Tiannv Sanhua Zhejiang
1 Sijigui Shanghai
2 Yueyuegui Shanghai
3 Rixianggui Shanghai
4 Daye Sijigui Shanghai
5 Fodingzhu Shanghai
6 Jinyetianxiang Jinhua, Zhejiang
7 Xiaoye Sijigui Shanghai
8 Tianxiangtaige Shanghai
9 Huangjin Nanjing, Jiangsu
10 Dongxianghong Hangzhou, Zhejiang
11 Xiaoronghuang Nanjing, Jiangsu
12 Tiannvsanhua Hangzhou, Zhejiang
13 Xiaoyefodingzhu Nanjing, Jiangsu

    Bookmark   July 16, 2014 at 10:23PM
Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo

Wow, that's an amazing list of varieties.

Osmanthus 'Fudingzhu' was the only plant that I protected this past winter (bamboo stakes wrapped with burlap) but it was killed to the ground. It's coming back fairly nicely now. Osmanthus x fortunei 'San Jose' and 'UNC' were undamaged.

    Bookmark   July 17, 2014 at 10:38PM
Thank you for reporting this comment. Undo

Yes, Fudingzhu is in the Asiaticus/(semperflorens)/sijigui category and is one of the least hardy of all. The x fortunei is a cross between O. Heterophyllus and O. Fragrans, and are hardy in your zone. The Auranticus/Dangui varieties are the hardiest of the O. Fragrans group. I have 2x Auranticus in my yard and we will see how they do this year. I plan on wrapping them the first year or two to cut down on desiccation.

    Bookmark   July 18, 2014 at 1:09PM
Sign Up to comment
More Discussions
My Gardenia is dying because of spider mites,what to do?
Gardenia dying off below pic Ok to start with this...
Marwa Mars
Blooming in March!
Osmanthus fragrans decided to show off a few blooms...
true_blue (MTL CAN Z4)
Your 2015 wish list
Okay. I'm sort of ashamed to admit that I've already...
Robert (zone 7a, Oklahoma)
Jasmine 'Grand Duke of Tuscany Supreme'.
I cannot honestly remember if it is just GDT or the...
Osmanthus fragrans 'Fudingzhu'
I bought three large plants because I read about their...
© 2015 Houzz Inc. Houzz® The new way to design your home™