2 million scovilles

fusion_powerFebruary 14, 2012

Its for real folks.

http://www.ktsm.com/local/hottest-chile-on-the-planet-identified

DarJones

"LAS CRUCES - When it comes to bringing the heat, there's a new king of the hill. According to a first-of-its-kind scientific study on "super-hot" chile varieties, New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Institute has identified the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion as the new hottest pepper on the planet.

"For this study, we wanted to establish the average heat levels for super-hot varieties. That's something that hadn't been scientifically set," said Paul Bosland, an NMSU Regents Professor and director of the Chile Pepper Institute. "We also wanted to see which chile pepper truly has the highest heat levels."

For the study, Bosland and his partners Danise Coon, a senior research specialist, and Gregory Reeves, a graduate student, looked at several chile breeds reputed to be among the hottest in the world, including Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, Trinidad Scorpion, 7-pot, Chocolate 7-pot and Bhut Jolokia - a previous world record holder identified by the Chile Pepper Institute and certified by Guinness World Records in 2007.

Each of the super-hot varieties was grown in an NMSU plant science research field, following standard agricultural practices for chile peppers grown in Southern New Mexico. Later, randomly selected, mature fruits from several plants within each variety were selected, harvested, dried and ground to powder. The capsaicinoids, or the compounds that produce heat sensation, were then extracted and examined.

The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion scored highest, overall, in mean heat with more than 1.2 million Scoville Heat Units. Chocolate 7-pot came in at almost 1.17 million SHU. 7-pot placed third with more than 1.06 million SHU. Trinidad Scorpion packed almost 1.03 million SHU and Bhut Jolokia had almost 1.02 million SHU.

Chile peppers of the same variety will often vary in heat, even when grown in the same field or picked from the same plant. This study saw similar results, with some individual plants scoring much higher than the mean heat levels. Two individual Trinidad Moruga Scorpion pepper plants registered more than 2 million SHU - almost twice as hot as an average Bhut Jolokia pepper.

"Part of the reason we conducted this research is that rigorous scientific testing is required to ensure accurate determination of super hot heat levels," Coon said. "The Chile Pepper Institute, as the leading authority on chile peppers, was a logical place for this research to be conducted."

The chile industry is already taking notice of Bosland's study. Over the past few years, CaJohns Fiery Foods has worked with NMSU's Chile Pepper Institute to create products with super-hot chile varieties. The company has Holy Jolokia hot sauce, salsa and barbecue sauce available which are made from the Bhut Jolokia pepper. The company's latest creation is Sancto Scorpio hot sauce, made from the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion pepper. The hot sauce can be purchased at the NMSU Chile Pepper Institute in Gerald Thomas Hall, Room 265, or on the institute's website at www.chilepepperinstitute.org"

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esox07 (4b)

Interesting how the mean heat scores of all the different super hots are relatively close but the range on some (such as the Trinidad Maruga Scorpion) is so big.
Bruce

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 10:37AM
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smokemaster_2007

Like a friend said,It's like saying "That chick looks hot,a perfect 3 - 10."... :)

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 11:28AM
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Edymnion(7a)

While my first response was "new hottest pepper, gotta find some seeds!", rational thought then kicked in. Yes, the average on the T.M.Scorps was the highest, but for an average of that 1.2m with outliers in the 2m range, that means they must also have either had some really weak ones, or a whole lot of relatively weaker ones to bring that average down.

The math geek in me wants to see the raw data and/or the bell curve graphs. I'd rather grow something that is on average cooler but has a smaller deviation range than something that is on average hotter but with a bigger range.

Or, in other words, I'd rather grow something not quite as hot that is more reliable.

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 11:56AM
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Edymnion(7a)

Ah hah, found a site with more solid numbers (see link below).

Looks like you want the highest reliable heat, the Chocolate 7-Pot is the way to go. It's minimum was over 900k shu, compared to 500k for the TMS, and a paultry 280k for the bhut.

Here is a link that might be useful: http://thepepperseed.com/peppers/trinidad-scorpion-moruga-the-worlds-hottest-chilli-pepper/

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 12:03PM
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esox07 (4b)

Interesting that the Butch T Trinidad Scorpion wasn't part of the test.
Bruce

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 1:05PM
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kuvaszlvr

Yeah, those were my feelings too Edymnion, that is a low average when the highest was so high. Thanks for the link. ha, my first thought was, that photo looks like Jim Duffy, he must have picked an old photo for his website. ;-)

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 1:25PM
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Edymnion(7a)

Yeah, the Butch T weighs in at 1.3 last I heard, which is just slightly above the moruga's average.

The hippyseedcompany guy lists the Butch T as being hotter than the Moruga, but I don't know if thats just because he got one of the lowbie TMSs or what. But I love the stinger tail on the scorpions, so thats what I'm going to go with.

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 7:36PM
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smokemaster_2007

None of the Morouga peppers I've grown were all that hot,so far at least.
Hotter than habaneros but not really in the super hot catagory.

They only got the 2mil. reading for 1 pod from what I read out of 5 pods tested.
To me it's a fluke of nature.
I think they should grow out the seeds to see if that plant does in fact produce consistently hot pods.

All the tests did was show that it's possible to get 2mil. scovilles out of that particular plant.
The different heat ratings are too far apart to prove anything in my opinion.

I got my seeds from the guy who was the source of a lot of the Morouga seeds going around over the last 5yrs.

He got his from Tobago/Trinidad or wherever...

They are actually a strain that Cardi was developing back in 2007/08 if I remember right.
It was originally a 7 pot x Scorpion mix I believe.

N.M.C.P.I. I think just renamed them Morouga Scorpion for seed sales purposes I think.

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 8:01PM
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esox07 (4b)

Yes, seems like new contenders are popping up by the day now. I think people saw what the "Ghost Pepper" did for sales and want to be in on the start of the next "hottest" pepper so they can make a buck. I did a search on google for Trinidad Moruga Scorpion seeds and only saw Amazon.com vendors. We all know how reliable they can be. Let's wait and see if they make the Guiness book of records. It is not even for sale on NMCPI web site as far as I can see.
Bruce

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 8:08PM
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greenman28 NorCal 7b/8a

Cool stuff!
The more tests, the better.

Josh

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 8:15PM
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jsschrstrcks(9)

Yeah - I'll probably get some next year... I'm fast approaching max capacity for this year.

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 8:27PM
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smokemaster_2007

I don'r know why anyone would have to buy them.
Lots are out there for trade...
Hint Hint....

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 9:26PM
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jsschrstrcks(9)

haha!

Pretty sure my measly 50 or so varieties are already included in your several thousand...

But have a look if you like any way, most are not yet producing fruit, thus no seeds... But perhaps in a month or two.

Either way, here is the list: http://members.gardenweb.com/members/exch/Jsschrstrcks

    Bookmark   February 14, 2012 at 9:39PM
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capoman(5a)

It's obvious the genetics of these super hots are not very stable. I found myself, that even super hots that have been around for a long time such as Bhut Jolokia showed me several phenotypes out of the same package of seed. From smooth to wrinkled, from dark to almost white pods (when green). Gregor Mendel could have easily come up with his inheritance theory from these super hots that are so variable.

    Bookmark   February 16, 2012 at 10:33AM
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jsschrstrcks(9)

Capo - I think if mendel had super hots, he'd still have grown out more than 29,000 individuals, and made dozens of hybrids..... Its a shame he experimented with pea's instead of super hots... The world might be a spicier place today :P

    Bookmark   February 16, 2012 at 11:56AM
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