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What needs a rootstock?

Posted by ibarbidahl 9 (tampa-ish) (My Page) on
Thu, May 16, 13 at 11:08

I'm starting a new project and I am admitedly a complete and total novice at rooting. So, I thought what better place to start than to come and ask advice here?

I plan on starting as many different types of edible trees and bushes as possible in the next few years for transplanting up onto what will eventually be our homestead property in Alabama. Meanwhile I have no intention of stopping what I do here, so no worries there!

The only things I have ever rooted are sweet potatoes and a geranium. Both by throwing them into water and waiting for roots to form and then potting them up. I'm thinking that isn't good enough for making new trees. LOL. So PLEASE feel free to throw advice my way. I DO plan on doing plenty of research, but still wisdom gleaned by way of doing is always more valuable.

So for now I have several things in my yard that I can propogate if they don't need rootstock - but I know that Apples and peaches do need rootstock.

Will these work without rootstock?

Pom WonderfuL
Dwarf Pom
kiwi (OK I know it doesn't need rootstock, but will it propogate?)
(Dad's house in Jax)
pear & nectarine

Any other ideas of (perrineal) edibles that will live in zone 8 I can work on finding around here?

I'm also trying to figure out where in the world I'm going to keep all these cutting/rootings for their best chance of survival. I may need to set up a seperate small sprinkler so I can manage their watering a little closer for the first couple months.

I am getting excited to think that I'll have an established orchard to retire to instead of retiring and then starting an orchard. How cool! There is currently 12 pecan trees there that are OLD so we plan to plant a couple of those as well to make sure the old one have replacements. I'll miss tropical fruits, but at least these trees will have time to be fully grown if I start this project now and work towards a goal of 10 trees a year plus bushes for the perimeter. :-D

ANY help is greatly appreciated. A new adventure awaits!


Follow-Up Postings:

RE: What needs a rootstock?

Hi Barbie,

Most tree fruit that I am aware of require grafting. From seed a root stock is created. After a period of time, a year or 2?, then the top is cut off and immediately add fresh cuttings from a fruit that is desirable, in a special splice, to the rooted plant. Special seeds should be considered. So you need rootstock and grafting knowledge. Good luck.

RE: What needs a rootstock?

  • Posted by whgille Oakland FL Zone 9B (My Page) on
    Thu, May 16, 13 at 14:14

Hi Barbie

Congrats on the future plans! sounds interesting and lots of things to learn. Your best bet will be to get the UC Davis free cuttings, you are probably late for this year but you can do the next one, find out everything and put your name on the list, a lot to choose! you will have to do some research. Last time they had dormant cuttings of pomegranates, persimmons, figs,mulberries, etc. I put my cuttings under the shade of a tree till they get some roots, then I transplant them in 1 gallon pots. Next time that you come to a party in my house, I can have some cuttings for you, currently I have some fig cuttings under the avocado tree.

Col de Dame fig, started from cuttings

 photo May2013_043_zpsbb149795.jpg

Violette de Bordeaux fig

 photo May2013_044_zps064870d1.jpg

Pomegranate, 2 kinds one is Seedless and the other Dwarf Nana

 photo May2013_045_zps7326cf3a.jpg


 photo May2013_046_zps0d8b6047.jpg

My plum, nectarine, pear, apple are on different rootstock. Good luck in your next project!


RE: What needs a rootstock?

I'm so excited for this project! I"m off to google the UC Davis project/thing! :-)

I remember when you first got the persimmon it was the same time I got mine and yours is doing much better. Mine is not on a good watering system now it's still just an infant because of that. The sprinklers just don't reach well on that tree so it's mostly dependent on rain.

I think I may actually have Rich talked into a potting table. He's always hated them - so this is HUGE!


RE: What needs a rootstock?


If it is an American astringent it is on it's own roots and that is the rootstock they use for the Japanese type persimmons here.

I don't think the wonderful pom will take the cold in Alabama but there are many others that will.

Figs don't need a graft and many of them will do just fine in Alabama, probably most will.

RE: What needs a rootstock?

OK, I must just be a nimwit because when I went into the database to search I just could NOT figure out any way to look for the plants. Unless I knew the specific genus I wanted or the code they used to clasify it... Ah, well. Guess I'll work a little harder here at what I'm starting first. Once I get my first cuttings under my belt then I'll go looking for trouble. ;-)

RE: What needs a rootstock?

  • Posted by whgille Oakland FL Zone 9B (My Page) on
    Thu, May 16, 13 at 20:18

Barbie, I just saw the other day Derek's garden, remember with the ground cherries? well he is the king of propagation! lol he got huge tables and so many plants, nice trees to give him shade and a lot of fruit trees, I think he said over 40 varieties. I can see you in your future like that, very busy making new fruit trees.

The persimmon I got it when I went to Just Fruits and Exotics, it is a miracle it survived because it is been hit by the lawnmowers so many times. The big fig tree that produces very well is an old variety planted by the settlers of my area, it started producing the first year, everyone that tries my fig jam loves it! it is really no care tree.

I like thornless blackberries for growing, they propagate so easy and are not particular about soil or sun requirements. It should be a very interesting project for you and yes the bench or a large table will help with the work.


RE: What needs a rootstock?

Silvia - I showed him your greenhouse and he's all for one like yours. so I'm thinking that my Pom Wonderful and my Mango and maybe a couple choice citrus will be able to be kept in large pots and brought in for the winter. :-D

BR - After I get this project going I'll be exploring grafting next!

I've even got the hubby talking about hole cutting the bench so that the pots will fit into the top along the back! I think I've got him hooked on the idea of making as many of our own starts as possible. I'm excited, too because it will help me expand my knowledge base. Science has always been my strong suit. Maybe my teenager can use some of this for his High school classes, who knows.

First thing I'm going to try will be the blueberries since they are what is making the healthiest shoots and seem to be the easiest candidate at the moment.



RE: What needs a rootstock?

Most apple trees are grafted to M111 rootstock. Crabapple trees (used as a pollinator) are on their own roots.


RE: What needs a rootstock?

  • Posted by whgille Oakland FL Zone 9B (My Page) on
    Fri, May 17, 13 at 13:11

Barbie, sounds like a great project for the whole family! If you get hubby and teenage son interested, it will be better. Greenhouse for Alabama will do great and you can have your tropicals there. You can have something like the orangeries from times past. Fruits and Exotics have build up permanent structures to protect the citrus when it gets cold.
You can probably learn grafting watching YouTube videos, everything is available in the internet for learning these days.:)
Keep us posted...


RE: What needs a rootstock?

Where you live you should be able to root almost anything. When I lived in Vero Beach, Florida that was my main way to get new plants. Hibiscus, ficus, camelias, vining houseplants and African violets. Bouganvillas need to have a 12 inch cutting. At least that's what I was told. I root in soil. Your roots will be alot stronger if you do that. Water roots are weak because they don't have to push through the soil.

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