Return to the Plant Propagation Forum | Post a Follow-Up

 o
How to propagate trees from cuttings

Posted by poultryduk 6 (My Page) on
Thu, Feb 21, 08 at 14:02

Hey, if you have a tree which you want to clone, but don't want to use complicated methods, look no further. I have recently experimented this method on Asian pear trees, and it works great.

Materials:

Root Hormone (I used powdered)
Healthy cuttings from a tree of your choice
Local soil (I haven't tried vermiculite yet)
Large pot
White plastic trash bag

Step 1: Attain healthy cuttings from a healthy tree. Remember to always ask permission if you are taking cuttings from someone else's tree. Try to aim for 4-8" cuttings for small trees (such as dwarf fruit trees), and 10-15" cuttings for large trees (such as oaks). Smaller trees will root faster. Try to cut cuttings off of the tree at 45 degree angles.

Step 2: Fill the pot up with soil, and moisten the soil with a sprayer. Create 8" deep holes in the soil for the cuttings. I would recommend no more than four cuttings in a pot with a top diameter of 14".

Step 3: Remove the bark off of the bottom 1/3 of the cutting. Put the bark-less part of the cutting into a glass of water for five minutes. Then, dip the bark-less part of the cutting into the rooting hormone, and GENTLY place it into the already-prepared hole. Try to space the cuttings evenly, and not too close.

Step 4: Gently firm the soil around the cuttings, and mist them. Then, place the pot in the white, plastic bag, and tie the top. I found it works well to gently mist the inside of the plastic bag, as well. Place the pot in place OUT OF DIRECT SUNLIGHT. You may think you need sunlight to root the cuttings, but the sun will dry up the soil. The cuttings do not need to be in a completely dark place, but a medium between bright and dark would be nice.

Step 5: Mist the cuttings EVERY OTHER DAY unless the soil is visibly dry (you can tell this because the soil will crack when dry). Also, try not to water too much, because the cuttings will rot. Although it is tempting, do not remove the cuttings to check on them. Actually, don't look at them at all for the first two weeks (except when watering). Don't worry, they will let you know when their ready. After about a month, smaller trees will begin to grow small leaves and shoots.

It would be best to wait until the trees are big enough to survive the elements before you transplant them. So, in essence, don't put them outside at first sign of growth. Wait about three months after the first sign of growth to do this.

Good Luck!


Follow-Up Postings:

 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

I'm curious, why are you removing the bark, the cambiun layer? Isn't that the part that would grow or spout roots?


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

I don't know exactly why, but removing the bark seems to allow the cuttings to grow roots better. Kittyl, ou may be right, though. Next time I will try to keep the bark on and compare the results. I guess it's just a matter of personal preference, but I know that removing the bark works.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

Someone on the greenhouse forum clarified that the cambium layer is just underneath the bark. They said some practice scarring a cutting to achieve the same result. I had never heard of this, but it's worth it for me to try. I've been playing around with hardwood perennials, so maybe I'll try a few there also. I also have some grapes I can try.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

Is this something that should be done before the tree puts out leaves in the Spring? (I'm thinking of trying this, but I've never done anything like it before.) Thanks!


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

Another question - I have asked a couple of times over as many years and never get an answer from anyone who appears to know.

Does one want new growth from the ends of the lower more horizontal limbs or new growth from the top where the limbs are more vertical?


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

Do you remove the cuttings from the plastic bags after they have rooted? I tried rooting olive trees under plastic wrap but they grew moldy before they rooted.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

If you have a look at the Butterfly Bush from Cuttings thread, you'll see a method that can be used for many other shrubs and woody plants as well.

There are many methods of propagation and some methods may be more successful than others on individual plants. You really need to do some research on which method is preferred by whatever you wish to propagate. Some shrubs prefer propagation from dormant, greenwood, softwood, hardwood cuttings. Some work well with layering, grafting.....well you get the picture. :) There are so many methods...

Two good books I own are The American Horticultural Society Plant Propation and The Plant Propagators Bible by Miranda Smith. In addition to showing the different methods of propagation they each have a listing that tells you what method is preferred by many different plants.

There are some shrubs and trees that are so *easy* to propagate, that you could use practically any method and they would grow roots. Some of these are forsythias, willows, dogwood shrubs, purpleleaf sandcherry, blue mist shrubs, butterfly bushes and lots more. All these will root using the method I described in the Butterfly Bush from Cuttings thread. (Which BTW, I've gone on to pot up into 3" pots now because they've grown a big enough root ball.

Here's a photo that shows 2 flats of Blue Mist Shrub cuttings. The right one are cuttings that have just been stuck in a flat of ProMix; the left are ones that were rooted earlier and have now been potted on into 3" pots. Blue Mist is a really easy one...from cutting to rooted plant took only about 6 weeks. I might add that I don't bag my flats but use a clear plastic dome to hold in humidity. I also use a heat mat-not absolutely necessary for many cuttings but very helpful. Obviously, I also have a greenhouse but you don't want to put cuttings in direct sunlight when they are rooting, just bright light. I placed the flats together on the bench for the photo.
Blue mist shrub-freshly stuck cuttings and rooted plants potted up.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

After the cuttings have rooted, you can SLOWLY remove the plastic bag. For example, one day you can open the top a bit, the next day you can open it more, and the next day you can remove the bag completely. This helps prevent shock, which would hurt the cuttings, as they are still very sensitive.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

Thank you for the info, wyndy! And the picture! :)


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

An answer for albert 135...Generally, cuttings taken from side shoots tend to develop into 'bushier' plants. This is not true of all of them and I have never seen a list that indicates which plants will exhibit this characteristic. My rule of thumb when propagating tall trees is to take cuttings from the straight, upright top growth. This should give you upright growth and discourage 'Y' trunk branching which weakens a tree and is not desirable. Shrub and woody perennial cuttings made from side shoots usually tend to be fuller. Not always true, but quite often. Try it both ways.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

stoloniferous: it would be best to try this method in the winter or early spring, before the cuttings have bloomed and put forth leaves. This allows the cutting to put most of its energy into developing roots, as opposed to maintaining leaves. If you can't do it any other time besides when the cuttings have leaves, I would recommend cutting off the leaves, because they are going to fall off anyway, after the cutting has wasted precious energy on maintaining leaves.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

two questions.
1. Anyone propagated oak trees by cuttings?
2. When do you take the cuttings?


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

1: I have not propagated oak trees, but it can be done. It just takes a long time.

2: It would be best to take the cuttings before any new growth (such as in winter or early spring). However, if you must take cuttings withe leaf growth, simply cut off the leaves and/or fruits, then just propagate them like normal.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

Thank you Poultryduk! I will take your advice, and go grab some cuttings before they put out leaves!


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

What time of the year do you take and start the cuttings?


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

hershell: It would be best to take cuttings before leaves appear. However, if this is not an option, trim the leaves and other growth off of the cuttings. It is best to take and start cuttings in early spring.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

What about a wiegala bush? I want to start a new bush b/c the one I have is in the wrong place. I'm going to try taking a cutting and see what happens but wondered if anyone has already propagated a wiegala??


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

I prefer air layering for shrubs and trees. It works almost 100% of the time and there is less stress on the cutting because it's still attached to the mother plant.

Weigela is easy to root nanaclaire. Just take a lower branch and bend it down to the ground. Scrape some bark off of the branch and put rooting powder on it and cover that branch with soil where you put the powder. Put a brick on top to hold it down. Go back in about 3-4 weeks and check on it. You can just cut that limb and move your little plant then.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

THANK YOU... I just went outside and did what you said and hopefully in 3-4 weeks I'll see roots! Thanks! I want to move the bush and not sure we'll be able to dig it up since it is so big, but we're going to try. Anyway, if I have a baby, that will be helpful in case we can't dig it up. I want to put a new patio where that bush is. Thanks again!


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

How long do you keep them in the plastic bag? I stuck some plum tree prunings in a pot of peat/compost mix. They've been in there for maybe 3 weeks, some are staring to break bud. Should I continue to leave them in the bag? We should have some good weather coming, even though we had a dusting of snow tonight.


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

Hi,

I'm new here, wishing I had read this before I pruned my Jiro persimmon tree about three weeks ago. I couldn't bear to throw the large branches I cut off the tree, so I stuck several of them into a bucket of rain water. Is there anyway to get new Jiro persimmons from these salvaged twigs and branches? I've never grown or propagated anything except from seed and little plants from the store, or else transplanted from another garden.

The tree was dormant when I pruned it a few weeks ago. The main tree is just now starting to leaf out. It is growing in the mid-atlantic region zone 7. Our temps here are between 40-70s'F. The tree blossoms are finished and now starting to leaf out.

Would these prunings be treated as hardwood cuttings? Any advice/suggestions for a newbie will be greatly appreciated. Could I use similar techniques to propagate my fig tree? Thanks!


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

HAS ANY ONE TRIED TO PROPAGATE TRI COLORED BEECH TREE AND HAD SUCCESS IF SO i WOULD LIKE TO KNOW THE PROCESS

THANK YOU


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

I tried your instructions and it worked great ( at first). I saw the trees budding out and got a first blossom. then it all went south, I think they received to much direct sunlight perhaps but they dried.Up. I transplanted them into potting soil vs the hard clay they were in. they now look green but no new blossoms? Do you think I can do anything to ensure survival?


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

there are many propagation vids at youtube and freeplants.com
if you are looking for prop ways of a specific plant, just... youtube(plant name)..hope this helps


 o
RE: How to propagate trees from cuttings

  • Posted by danzeb 7a long island (My Page) on
    Wed, Jun 12, 13 at 20:37

Many plants are easy to propagate from cuttings as long as they stay moist. For some, rooting hormone helps. A lesser number of plants are very difficult.

Some plants root fast and you may see roots in a few weeks. Other might take 9 months. I've taken summer cuttings and didn't see roots until spring. Many tips have already been posted and most are worth a try.

Propagating Oaks: My squirrels gather the acorns in the fall and plant them. Next summer I rip dozens of new oak tree that I don't want out of the ground.

A friend wanted a privet hedge. He took pencil size cuttings from a neighbors hedge and pushed them into the ground where he wanted the hedge. He watered them regularly. By the fall he had his new hedge and didn't even have to transplant.


 o Post a Follow-Up

Please Note: Only registered members are able to post messages to this forum.

    If you are a member, please log in.

    If you aren't yet a member, join now!


Return to the Plant Propagation Forum

Information about Posting

  • You must be logged in to post a message. Once you are logged in, a posting window will appear at the bottom of the messages. If you are not a member, please register for an account.
  • Please review our Rules of Play before posting.
  • Posting is a two-step process. Once you have composed your message, you will be taken to the preview page. You will then have a chance to review your post, make changes and upload photos.
  • After posting your message, you may need to refresh the forum page in order to see it.
  • Before posting copyrighted material, please read about Copyright and Fair Use.
  • We have a strict no-advertising policy!
  • If you would like to practice posting or uploading photos, please visit our Test forum.
  • If you need assistance, please Contact Us and we will be happy to help.


Learn more about in-text links on this page here